There has been significant escalation in the use, abuse and problems related to alcohol and drugs in India over the past few decades. This was recognized by the Government of India, which in 1977 set up an Expert Committee to suggest means to deal with the growing problem. As a specific response to the growing need, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, identified the National Institute of Mental health and Neurosciences, Bangalore in 1990 as one of the centers to be funded for setting up a specialized deaddiction center under the National Drug Deaddiction Programme.
The De-addiction Centre at NIMHANS started functioning in 1992. In 1998, the NIMHANS De-Addiction Centre was recognized as the Regional Centre for the Southern Region by the Ministry and funds were allocated for a separate building which was commissioned in 2002. Since its inception the centre has been involved in training, providing clinical services, community out reach programs, conducting research and formulating policies.